Learning Basic Boxing Punches
Before launching a quest for the heavyweight title or just learning boxing for fun, it’s imperative to learn appropriate punching techniques and develop suitable striking methods.
Boxing can best be described as a sport one can learn the basics in an afternoon, yet never master the fundamentals throughout a lifetime.
Develop an Appropriate Boxing Guard or Stance Position
A boxer’s stance or guard position is described as fighter having his knees slightly bend, sustaining springiness throughout the feet and legs, maintaining flexibility throughout the waist and keeping the head and chin tucked.
Also, the puncher's hand position can be identified as holding the stronger or power fist near the cheek or brow and the lead jabbing fist firmly maintained approximately 6 to 10 inches toward the front of the led shoulder (for a traditional or right-handed boxer the left is the lead hand while the power right is held farther back for maximum punching strength).
The Basic Jab
The jab must be completed with a quick, crisp pop. This means, the jabbing fist is rapidly snapped out from the body with the elbow pointing upward and the fist being turnover and connecting in the horizontal attitude. The pop can be likened to stretching the arm out and trying to crack the elbow.
This final forward thrush or rapid rolling of the shoulder gives the punch its pop. Also, the jab should be consistently delivered and retrieved at the same shoulder height.
Principal of the Straight Punch or the Cross Strike
A cross or straight punch is considered the power shot. The punch is usually thrown in combination immediately following the jab.
The straight blow is thrown from the guard stance. It is delivered with great fury even with shoulder height. The hit should be landed while incorporating the rear foot and hip.
The landing hand should be smoothly rotated to land parallel with the floor.
The Fundamentals of the Hook
The hook is a concentrated effort where the punch is delivered in looping fashion. A hook is held horizontally about twelve inches in, ahead of the boxer’s chest. The strike is thrown from the guard in a quick, circular rotating movement toward the lead of the puncher.
The punch is usually landed at the boxer’s shoulder height. In other words, if hooking to the opposition’s body the striker would bend his knees and torso to the same level as the intended point of contact.
Like all punches the shoulders and hips are incorporated in a swift snapping follow through.
The connecting hand position is generally turned over to land in a horizontal posture. For orthodox (right handed) fighters the left hook is the most difficult punch to master.
The hook should be landed while sequence as turning the lead left foot for maximum power delivery. For a southpaw (left handed) boxer the right hook should be thrown accordingly.
Elements of the Uppercut
An uppercut is similar to the hook except the punch is thrown vertically in an upward direction. The knuckle of the impacting fist connects in a horizontal attitude at the targeted area.
The upper cutting shoulder dips as the body turns in an explosive crisp release.
Learning appropriate punching takes time and practice. Just like learning to drive one may listen to lectures, watch programs, or read articles, but until actually performing the feat for one’s self it remains unclear.